NEWSLETTER Planum Newsletter no. 5/2012 | SPECIAL ISSUE | 43rd UAA Urban Affairs Association Conference

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Dear Readers,
Planum is glad to present you the 43rd Conference of the Urban Affairs Association: 

Building the 21st Century City: Inclusion, Innovation, and Globalization

With special tracks on Media & Urban Life, and Urban Issues in Asia and the Pacific Rim 

Continue reading NEWSLETTER Planum Newsletter no. 5/2012 | SPECIAL ISSUE | 43rd UAA Urban Affairs Association Conference

NEWSLETTER Planum Newsletter no. 4/2012 | July 2012

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Dear Readers,

With this newsletter Planum. The Journal of Urbanism is pleased to present magazine updates.
Planum has recently updated its website and is hosting a growing and updated number of articles and list of contents. The following is a selection of the most interesting articles, latest events, news, book reviews and journal presentations that can be found on our website. The Journal is now articulated into a “Magazine” column, with peer-review evaluated articles and internal evaluated by the Editorial Board articles; a “News and Events” column, with information on call for papers, conferences and competitions; a “Journals and Books” column, with the presentation and revie
w of international publishers’ new books. 

Planum is promoted by the Planum Association, which is open to academic and research institutes, practitioners associations and scientific journals. It is an international scientific journal with a proper ISSN code (1723-0993) evaluated in the academic rankings of scientific work. Planum follows the practice of the double-blind refereeing of submitted papers and research reports. The editorial staff is based in the DiAP Department of Architecture and Planning, Politecnico di Milano (Editor: Prof. P. Gabellini; Deputy Editor: Prof. M. Cremaschi; Editor in Chief: Ph.D. G. Fini).
Planum is open to new proposals for articles and specific issues in addition to events, calls for papers, and book reviews. 
Enjoy the reading on our web site and follow Planum on our social networks as well! (see the links below)

Planum The Journal of Urbanism Newsletter July 2012 – Choice of planner’s study programs

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Dear Readers,

Planum. The Journal of Urbanism is pleased to present you a selection of Masters and Master of Science courses for the next accademic years, in Europe and in collaboration with extra-European Universities as well.
Masters and MSc courses have been selected for their educational programmes and fields of studies, for the relevance of the hosting Universities and for their aims and formative demands. Masters and MSc are open for applications for students a
nd practitioners. Fell free to share our newsletter to whom may be interested, such as students, scholars or others colleagues. For further information, please follow the links to Planum “News and Events” column, to Universities and Masters websites or use the E-mail contacts. Good reading and good applications!

Planum has recently updated its website and is hosting a growing and updated number of articles and list of contents.
The Journal is now articulated into a “Magazine” column, with peer reviewed articles; a “News and Events” column,
with information on call for papers, conferences and competitions; a “Journals and Books” column, with presentation and review of international publishers’ new books.
Planum is promoted by the Planum Association, which is open to academic and research institutes, practitioners associations and scientific journals. It is an international scientific journal with a proper ISSN code (1723-0993) evaluated in the academic rankings of scientific work. Planum is open to new proposals for articles and specific issues in addition to events,
calls for papers and book reviews. 
Enjoy the reading on our web site and follow Planum on our social networks as well (see the links below).


DPEA | Ecole Nationale Superieure d’Architecture de Paris La Villette

International Post-Master
Recherches en Architecture 2012-2013

Deadline:6 July 2012
Duration: 1 accademic year of 34 weeks with one day at week of lesson
Language: French
Credits: 60 ECTS

Les mutations et transformations territoriales, urbaines et architecturales observables dans bien des parties du monde actuel constituent un défi qui ne saurait se limiter aux seuls aspects spatiaux. Observer ces transformations ne saurait donc suffire: il faut les comprendre pour mieux agir.

Contacts: Main we
 | Master Website | E-mail contact

EUR | Erasmus University Rotterdam
UGM | Gadjah Mada University Indonesia

MSc Double degree
Urban and Regional Planning and Management in Indonesia

Deadline: mid July 2012
Duration: 3 September 2012 – 27 September 2014
Language: English

The Master programme combines one year in Yogyakarta, Indonesia, on urban and regional planning in Indonesia with one year on urban management and development in the Netherlands. It offers two accredited master diplomas within a two year.

Contacts: Main website | Master website | E-mail contact

ETH | Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich

Master Courses
· Spatial Development and Infrastructure Systems Master (Credits ECTS: 120)
· Geomatic Engineering and Planning Master (Credits ECTS: 90)

Deadline: 1 November or 15 December 2012 – to start the programme the following October
Duration: 3 or 4 semesters
Language: English and German
Credits: 120 – 60 ECTS

The Spatial Master Course offers a broadly based education in the fields of Spatial Use, Development a
nd Economics, Planning Methodology, Communication, Transport Planning and Systems. 
The Geomatic Master‘s knowledge ranges from the geosciences to computer science to spatial planning. Geomatic engineers monitor the structures of our living and working space, and contribute to a better understanding of processes relevant to the earth’s environment.

Contacts: Spatial Master Website | Geomatic Master Website | E-mail contact

TU | Delft University of Technology

Master of Science
Architecture, Urbanism and Building Sciences

Deadline: between December and April – to start the programme the following October
Duration: 2 years
Language: Dutch and English

The Faculty of Architecture at TU Delft offers a dynamic Master’s programme very much informed by the unique circumstances of the Netherlands, where the high population density has strongly influenced thinking ab
out how to work creatively with space. The Faculty has an outstanding reputation and attracts students from all over the world. The programme is especially strong in such areas as design, research, management, technology and research-by-design.

Contacts: Main website | Master website | E-mail contact

UCL | University College of London
The Bartlett Faculty of the Built Environment

Master of Science
MSc International Planning

Deadline: 3 August 2012
Duration: Full-time 1 year; Part-time 2 years or more
Language: English
Credits: 180 ECTS

The MSc International Planning is intended for students who want an international perspective on planning systems and cultures or are likely to work outside the UK after their studies. The programme consists of six core modules (90 credits), one specialism with two module
s (30 credits), and a research dissertation (60 credits).

Contacts: Main website | Master website | E-mail contact

UPC | Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya

Master of Science
Master’s degree in Urbanism

Deadline: before September 2012
Duration: 2 years
Language: Spanish
Credits: 120 ECTS

The field of urbanism must be closely linked to the rapid changes in our society in the new information era, and to the growing complexity of urban phenomena and their interaction. The aim of this master’s degree is to provide resources to confront the challenges of contemporary urban planning, as well as new tools for critical intervention in different contexts.

Contacts: Main website | Master Website | E-mail contact


Politecnico di Milano 

Master of Science
Urban Planning and Policy Design

Deadline: 5 September 2011 for entry in October, 20 February 2012 for entry in March
Duration: 2 years
Language: English
Credits: 120 ECTS

The aim of the Programme is to train highly-qualified figures in the field of spatial planning at the urban and territorial scale, construction, assessment and management of complex programmes and projects for change and governance of cities, territories and landscape.

Contacts: Main Website | Master Website | E-mail contact

KTH | Royal Institute of Technology Stockolm

Master of Science
Master Sustainable Urban Planning and Design (THSSM)

Deadline: 15 October for studies/project work starting in January, later for those in the spring
Duration: 2 years
Language: English
Credits: 120 ECTS

The Master’s programme in Sustainable Urban Planning and Design prepares students for these tasks and provides them with a thorough understanding of the planning process and the aesthetic, social, economic and environmental determinants that contribute
to sustainable urban development. The programme brings together students of architecture, planning, civil engineering, and natural and social sciences.

Contacts: Main Website | Master Website | E-mail contact

University of Copenhagen

Master of Science
MSc in Landscape Architecture and Urban Design

Deadline: 1 January – to start the programme the following October
Duration: 2 years
Language: English
Credits: 120 ECTS

As an MSc in landscape architecture and urban design, you shape the future urban environments and housing areas, parks and landscapes, so that they provide excellent human and natural settings for many years to come. During the MSc programme, you specialise in landscape planning, park management or urban design.

Contacts: Main Website | Master Website | E-mail contact


Università IUAV di Venezia
Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona
Universitat de Girona
Universidade Tecnica de Lisboa
Università di Sassari

European Master Course
Planning and Policies for Cities, Environment and Landscape

Deadline: forthcoming
Duration: 2 years
Language: Italian and Spanish

The European Masters Course in Planning and policies for the City, Environment and Landscape is a joint degree course offered by the CAP Consortium partners, that include two Italian univerisities, two Spanish-Catalan universities and one Portuguese university. Students will have the possibility of studying for one semester at three universities of choice, and can
choose to work on their thesis and/or participate in a job placement scheme in numerous other international destinations.

Contacts: Main website | Master Website | E-mail contact

TU | Delft University of Technology
UPC | Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya
KUL | Katholieke Universiteit Leuven
Università IUAV di Venezia

EMU European Postgraduate Master
Urbanism Strategies and design for cities and territories

Deadline: related to the hosting institution
Duration: 2 years (4 semester)
Language: English
Credits: 120 ECTS

The joint European Postgraduate master programme in Urbanism is focused on a set of key issues (to be periodically reviewed and up-dated) which reflect contemporary challenges within cities and territories. The issues frame the design studios and provide the stude
nts with a structure to orient their individual educations tracks. The master course is design oriented and affirms the role of design in the knowledge process, while integrating different levels of scale. Learning by doing, research by design and the project as knowledge producer constitute the key concerns and standpoints of this master.

Contacts: Master Website | E-mail contact

 Enjoy the reading on our web site and follow Planum on Facebook and Twitter as well!

52nd Newsletter of the Georg-Simmel Center for Metropolitan Studies (Berlin)

Topics: *** “Austerity urbanism”: American cities under extreme economy (Jamie Peck) *** Think & Drink Colloquium ***12.-14.7. Conference City of flows *** 18.07. Interest and planning meeting – Study group Berlin-based scholars who share interests in cities and social theory *** GSZ-Graduate Studies Group ***


“Austerity urbanism”: American cities under extreme economy

Austerity budgeting in the public sector, selectively targeting the social state, is a long-established trait of neoliberal governance, but it has been enforced with systemic intensity in the period since the Wall Street crash.  Austerity represents an historic opportunity to press for yet smaller small-state settlements at the urban scale; in defining government downsizing and rolling privatization as fiscal necessities, it is neoliberal terrain. These conditions of devolved fiscal constraint are defining a new operational matrix for urban politics in the United States.  Examining some of the leading and bleeding edges of austerity’s ‘extreme economy’ in American cities, these developments are located in the context of mutating processes of neoliberal urbanism, along with it social and spatial consequences (Peck, 2011: Theodore et al, 2011). [Text: Jamie Peck]
Jamie Peck’s latest findings will be discussed on July 9th at 6:00 pm at the Soziologisches Institut as part of the Georg-Simmel Think & Drink Colloquium. Two of his recent articles are “Neoliberal suburbanism: frontier space. Urban Geography 32(6) 884-919 (2011)” and together with Neil Brenner and Nick Theodore “Neoliberal urbanism: cities and the rule of markets. In G Bridge & S Watson (eds) The new Blackwell companion to the city. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell, 15-25 (2011)”. Jamie Peck is Professor of Geography at the University of British Columbia, and the Canada Research Chair in Urban and Regional Political Economy (
Georg Simmel Think & Drink Colloquium: The complete list of lectures to be held next Semester can be found by end of September under:
12.-14.7. Conference “City of  flows”: The conference is organised and conceptualised by the »City-Climate Potsdam« Innovation Institute of the Potsdam University of Applied Sciences in cooperation with Potsdam City Council. The following questions are dealt with: What does being connected to global networks mean for today’s cities? How do global networks manifest themselves in everyday life? And how are limited analog spaces reflected in the potentially unlimited realm of the virtual? For more information please see:
18.7.: Interest and planning meeting – Study group Berlin-based scholars who share interests in cities and social theory: Talja Blokland and Craig Calhoun would be delighted to welcome interested graduate students to this interest and planning meeting for the 2012-2013 academic year at the BGSS Lounge (Luisenstraße 56, Room 227). The meeting will last from 17-18.30 and be followed by a brief informal reception.
GSZ-Graduate Studies Group: If you are a post-graduate student in the field of metropolitan studies, currently living in Berlin and looking for discussion partners – please contact the GSZ Graduate Studies Group. Contact: Martin Schwegmann (

Heike Oevermann, Jonna Josties
Subscribers: 1901
Georg-Simmel-Center for Metropolitan Studies
Humboldt Universitaet zu Berlin
Mail: Unter den Linden 6, D-10099 Berlin
Office: Mohrenstraße 41, Room 418 a-c
Office hours: Wednesday 2-4 pm
Tel +49-(0)30-2093-5358
Fax +49-(0)30-2093-4782

NEWSLETTER Planum: The Journal of Urbanism, May 2012

Dear Readers,

Planum. The Journal of Urbanism is pleased to present you a selection of Summer Schools and International Workshops for the forthcoming summer in Europe and all around the world.
The workshops have been selected for their aims and items, and for a good balance between topics, places’ explorations and periods of work. Workshops are open for applications for students and PhD students, practitioners and scholars (often for tutor positions) as well. Fell free to share our newsletter to wh
om may be interested, such as students, scholars or others colleagues. For further information follow the links on Planum “News and Events” column or to schools and associations websites.
Good reading and good summer applications!
Continue reading NEWSLETTER Planum: The Journal of Urbanism, May 2012

NEWSLETTER: 50th Newsletter of the Georg Simmel Center for Metropolitan Studies (Berlin)

Topics: Urban Governance and local Democracy in European Cities *** GSZ Think & Drink Colloquium *** Application Deadline 16.05.: International Forum “NGOs in Support of the World Heritage Properties” *** Deadline 15.05.: ONE Lab: “Future Cities Summer 2012” *** GSZ-Graduate Studies Group
Continue reading NEWSLETTER: 50th Newsletter of the Georg Simmel Center for Metropolitan Studies (Berlin)

42nd Newsletter of the Georg Simmel Center for Metropolitan Studies (Berlin)

Young Urban researchers at the Humboldt-University: Lossau und Lange: Julia Lossau has been an assistant professor of Cultural Geography at the Geographical Institute of the Humboldt-University since January 2006 ( One of her specialist areas is in the field of theoretical cultural studies of the cities, which concerns itself with relationships between society, power and (urban) spatial aspects. Based on the premise that urban space and location is not just simply “there”, but rather created through ongoing social processes of assigning meaning (German: Bedeutungszuweisung), she concerns herself with the question of how cities and urban areas are, in different contexts, produced and reproduced by powerful protagonists. In her work she plays particular attention to the views of those concerned with urban governance and planning (e.g. city and regional planners, state funding, marketing departments, local inhabitants and visiting groups).
Bastian Lange (, has been in charge of the GSZ network project “Governance of Creative Industries” since 2004 and will be representing Frau Lossau in the coming winter semester. Lange worked from 2006-2010 for the Leibniz Institute for Regional Geography in Leipzig (EU-Project “Accommodating Creative Knowledge”) and was project leader for the creation and compilation of the first “cultural economy report” (Kulturwirtschaftsbericht) for the Federal State of Saxony. During his research his main focus has been on so called culturepreneurs. Culturepreneurs are creative entrepreneurs, who found and run clubs, music and fashion and various other shops playing an important role in the media and design sectors. Therefore, culturepreneurs play a central role in the conveyance and transmission of new knowledge, style and information in the creative scene. As entrepreneurs they create new markets – also in Berlin.
Literature: Lossau & Winter (2011): The social construction of city nature. In: W. Endlicher (Ed.): Perspectives in Urban Ecology. Berlin: Springer. Lossau (2008): ‘New urbanity’ and contemporary forms of public art. In: Erdkunde 62, 4, 329-337. Lange (2011): Accessing Markets in Creative Industries – Professionalisation and social-spatial strategies of Culturepreneurs in Berlin. Entrepreneurship and regional development 23(3), pp. 259-279. Lange/Büttner (2010): Spatialisation patterns of translocal knowledge networks. European Planning Studies 18(6), pp. 989-1018.

gsg_INFO 04 2010 | Stadtuntersuchungen

Der gsg_info letter widmet sich diesmal unterschiedlichen Formen der Stadtuntersuchung. Die Publikationen zeigen verschiedene Annäherungsweisen und eine methodische Varianz auf, die allerdings keineswegs beanspruchen, das Spektrum der Möglichkeiten von Stadtuntersuchungen ausfüllen.

Das Buch Zone Heimat von Gerhard Vinken (2010) setzt sich mit der Altstadt als einer gedanklichen und baulichen Konstruktion auseinander. Dabei wird die These verfolgt, dass Altstadt nicht als Gegenmodell zum modernen Städtebau zu lesen ist, sondern als Produkt des modernen Städtebaus verstanden werden muss. Dies erscheint zunächst erstaunlich, wird in dem Buch aber sehr anschaulich an den Stadtuntersuchungen von Bern und Köln nachvollzogen. Damit erweitert diese Publikation die vielzähligen Beiträge aus dem Bereich Denkmalschutz maßgeblich, indem sie nicht die bekannten (und wichtigen) Fragen nach Abriss oder Erhalt baulicher Konstruktionen stellt, sondern eine Ebene tiefer reflektiert in welchem Diskurs das Konzept der Altstadt und seine Praxis der Umsetzung eingebunden war und zum Teil bis heute eingebunden ist. Damit bietet die Publikation auch einen Weg für geschichtswissenschaftliche, ethnologische oder soziologische Stadtuntersuchungen an, die sich dem vielschichtigen und gesellschaftlich konstruierten Beziehungsgeflecht zwischen ‚alt‘ und ‚modern‘ zu nähern versuchen.

Deutscher Kunstverlag
ISBN 978-3-422-06937-4
€ 39,90


„Constructing Knowledge“ – zu diesem Thema (Thema einer Tagung im vergangenen Jahr in Aachen) versammelt die Ausgabe No. 2 der Zeitschrift „Candide. Journal for Architectural Knowledge“ verschiedene Beiträge. Die Absicht der beiden Herausgeber Susanne Schindler und Axel Sowa, mit ihrer Publikation einen „Dialog über das Wissen der Architektur“ zu befördern, könnte gelingen: Die grafischen und strukturellen Gestaltungselemente der jungen Zeitschrift (Ausgabe 1 erschien Ende 2009) zeugen gleichzeitig von Strenge wie auch von Offenheit – vielleicht genau die Voraussetzung, derer es bedarf, die Mehrdimensionalität von Architekturwissen hervorzuheben und zu diskutieren, ohne sie gleichzeitig in geordnete Bahnen zu lenken. Die Beiträge, die als einzelne Heftchen mittels Fadenheftung miteinander verbunden ein Ganzes ergeben, sind den (maximal) 5 Rubriken Essay, Analyse, Projekt, Begegnung und Fiktion zugeordnet und ermöglichen so das Einnehmen verschiedener Blickrichtungen und Denkebenen. So wird z.B. in der Rubrik „Projekt“ unter Hinzufügung verschiedener Abbildungen der Einfluss der Idee der sozialistischen Stadt auf (das Denken und Werk von) Aldo Rossi beschrieben, es gibt eine „Begegnung“ mit dem italienischen Stadtplaner Bernardo Secchi über den „Stadtplaner als Geschichtenerzähler“ (in Form eines Gesprächs und einer Beschreibung seiner Untersuchungen) und eine „Analyse“ über Leon Battista Albertis architektonische Collagetechnik. Alle Beiträge sind sowohl auf Englisch wie auch auf Deutsch publiziert.

Candide. Journal for Architectural Knowledge
No. 2, 7/2010
ISBN 783-83761-5-128
€ 17,-


Florian Koch nähert sich in seinem Buch Die europäische Stadt in Transformation (2010) der sich verändernden Stadt Warschau vor und nach 1989 aus stadtplanerischer und stadtentwicklungspolitischer Sicht. Dabei liegt der Schwerpunkt, neben baulichen und sozialräumlichen Veränderungen, auf der doppelten Transformation, die die postsozialistische Stadtentwicklung leisten muss: die Transformation von Raum und Politik. Die Publikation leistet zunächst einmal eine Klärung vielzähliger Begriffe der Stadtentwicklungspolitik, die Forschern unterschiedlicher Disziplinen einen verständlichen Zugang ermöglichen. Die politisch-administrative Akzentuierung des Begriffs der Europäischen Stadt eröffnet zudem einen gezielten Blick auf die Europäische Stadt als Modell für aktuelle Formen der Urban Governance. Die damit verbundenen Potenziale und Probleme werden an dem Beispiel Warschau herausgearbeitet, obwohl sich hier bis heute kaum Akteure, die nicht der Politik, Administration oder Wirtschaft angehören, in die Stadtentwicklungspolitik einmischen.

VS Verlag
ISBN 978-3-531-17090-9
€ 39,95


Elisa Bertuzzo fragt in ihrer Untersuchung über Bangladeshs Hauptstadt Dhaka, wie städtischer Raum im Alltagshandeln von Menschen produziert wird und welche Repräsentationen von Raum sichtbar und erlebbar werden. Über ihre Studie, veröffentlicht unter dem Titel Fragmented Dhaka. Analysing everyday life with Henri Lefebvres Theory of Production of Space, die gewissermaßen eine Anwendung von Lefebvres Theorie darstellt, spricht sie in diesem Interview:

Franz Steiner Verlag 2009
ISBN 978-3-515-09404-7

43rd Newsletter of the Georg Simmel Center for Metropolitan Studies (Berlin)

Georg Simmel and Current Urban Research: Georg Simmel was the initiator of socio-cultural urban studies with his essays on The Metropolis and Mental Life (1903). He is one of the founding fathers of urban sociology and an academic “godfather” of the Chicago School. In November 2008 the Georg-Simmel Center for Metropolitan Studies held a conference on the relevance of Simmel’s work in contemporary research. As a result of this conference a book on “Georg Simmel und die aktuelle Stadtforschung” (Georg Simmel and contemporary urban research), has now been published by VS-Verlag (

Simmel was a great thinker and his manifold influence upon modern urban research is commensurate with the versatility of his work. (1) Simmel’s understanding of the increased productivity attainable in big cities is today still a central theme of urban research e.g. in political discussion on the creative economy. According to Simmel, increased productivity in cities is due partly to division of labor in modern business and society, and further to the great variety of social and commercial interaction. (2) His work has remained relevant concerning such aspects as the constitution of city society (“city and individuality”, “the stranger”). Much present discussion centers on governance. Simmel’s view is that division of labor and diversity of interaction allow for new opportunities, individual and social change. This not only determines cooperation in urban society but also enables a high degree of anonymity and freedom, typical in big cities. (3) Considerable potential for future research ensues when we project Simmel’s essays on architecture back to his major work “The Philosophy of Money” (1900) or “Sociology” (1908). This is particularly true for a view of architectural sociology which understands urban space as a social reality, as in the current debate on cultural heritage. In this manner we acquire a most modern theoretical perspective regarding architecture.

The GSZ-Book “Georg Simmel und die aktuelle Stadtforschung” combines contributions from Hartmut Häußermann, Rolf Lindner, Harald A. Mieg, Majken Bienoik, Walter Siebel, Florian Koch, Astrid O. Sundsboe, Jörg Blasius, Hans-Peter Müller, Y. Michal Bodemann, Wolf-Dietrich Bukow, Heike Delitz, Konstanze Noack und Heike Oevermann. We would like to take this opportunity to refer you once again to the extensive internet-archive of Simmel’s work at the University of Zurich (

32nd Newsletter of the Georg Simmel Center for Metropolitan Studies (Berlin)

The Future of the European City: Hardly any other term in urban development sounds quite as positive as the “European city“ and hardly any other notion in current urban planning discussions is used to such an inflationary degree. As the lowest common denominator this concept shows up wherever socially balanced, sustainable models for potential urban development projects are discussed. The future of the European city was the subject of the GSZ graduate school (Promotionskolleg), whose work after the final conference in Vienna has resulted in the publication of a volume on this matter („Die Zukunft der europäischen Stadt: Stadtpolitik, Stadtplanung und Stadtgesellschaft im Wandel“, eds. Frey & Koch).

The book clarifies potential and contradictions in the notion of the European city, whereby this concept is not, as a rule, seen as model for development in mainland Europe but rather as general orientation for urban development projects largely in Asia, North and South America. The predominant focus on the structural definition of the European city and frequent neglect of social and economic aspects when „exporting“ such models to China or the USA for upper and mid market projects often result in reaching the opposite of European urbanity, which defines itself to a certain degree by encounters with the unexpected and the unplanned. For further information please go to [Text: Florian Koch, Erfurt, and Oliver Frey, Wien]

Editors: Florian Koch works at the Institute for Urban Research, Planning and Communication of Erfurt University of Applied Sciences (; Oliver Frey works in Research Cluster Urbanistics at the Faculty of Architecture and Spatial Planning, Technical University Vienna ( Both are previous members of the Graduate School “The Future of the European City – Modes and Consequences of New Urban Governance” at the Georg Simmel Centre for Metropolitan Studies (, led by Hartmut Häußermann and financed by the Heinrich-Böll-Foundation.

Further Literature: Bagnasco, A.; Le Galès, P. (Hrsg. 2000): Cities in Contemporary Europe. Cambridge, University Press. Kazepov, Y. (Hrsg. 2005): Cities of Europe. Changing Contexts, local arrangements and the challenge to Urban cohesion. Oxford, Blackwell Publishing. Le Galès, P. (2002): European Cities. Social conflicts and Governance. Oxford, University Press.